Did you ever realize OpenEJB ApplicationComposers is the EE Spring boot?

I spoke a lot of ApplicationComposers on this blog. If you don’t know it yet in two words it is originally a way to fully define its EE application programmatically and then run test against this described application.

However with a trivial main you can make it run your application!

As a quick reminder here is an ApplicationComposer test:

public class MeetingPlannerTest {
    private int jaxWsPort;

    private LazyAgenda agenda;

    @Classes(cdi = true, value = { MeetingPlannerImpl.class, LazyAgenda.class })
    public WebApp war() {
        return new WebApp()
                .addServlet("jaxws", MeetingPlannerImpl.class.getName(), "/meeting-planner");

    public void book() throws MalformedURLException {
        final Service service = Service.create(
                new URL("" + jaxWsPort + "/demo/meeting-planner?wsdl"),
                new QName("http://jaxws.example.superbiz.org/", "MeetingPlannerImplService"));
        final MeetingPlanner planner = service.getPort(MeetingPlanner.class);
        assertTrue(planner.book(new Date(System.currentTimeMillis() + 1000000)));

    public void cdiTest() {
        assertNotNull(agenda); // etc...

What we can see is:

  • we described our application – here using the shortcurt @Classes but you can use @JarLocation for dependencies or even fully programmatic way using Beans (represents a beans.xml)
  • we used http embedded layer thanks to @EnableServices and thanks to it use JAXWS – JAXRS is as trivial as replacing jaxws by jaxrs
  • we were able to get injected components – cdi bean here

So globally we have all we need to run an application excepted a main(String[]).

If you are curious and see how is implemented the JUnit runner you’ll realize it is abstracted in ApplicationComposers class which is test framework independent.

So globally we can write something like:

public static void run(final Class<?> type) throws Exception {
 ApplicationComposers composer = new ApplicationComposers(type);
 Object instance = type.newInstance();

 CountDownLatch latch = new CountDownLatch(1);
 Runtime.getRuntime().addShutdownHook(new Thread() {
   public void run() {
     try {
     } catch (final Exception e) {
       // no-op


Not that hard right? and finally supposing you defined your class in MyApplication you can run it with:


That’s globally what was added to coming TomEE 2. Main differences are TomEE version supports:

  • String[] constructor for application class to get main args
  • public @PostConstruct methods are supported in the application class

This way you can now do:

@Classes({ MyService.class, MyResource.class })
public class MyApp {
    public WebApp app() { return new WebApp().contextRoot("/"); }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
         ApplicationComposers.run(MyApp.class, args);

This will start the application and deploy MyResource (of course I suppose it is a JAXRS service).

Microservice you said? :p


7 thoughts on “Did you ever realize OpenEJB ApplicationComposers is the EE Spring boot?

  1. Xavier Dury


    is there an easy way to serve static content too or do I have to register my own servlet/jax-rs component to do so? (for example, testing an angularjs application + rest services)



    1. rmannibucau Post author

      There is an in progress one – ie working for arquillian openejb embedded but not implemented for other cases – using EmbeddedServletContext.ResourceProvider. I didnt get timeyet to implement it for maven structured project but it is the way to go, I even think adding @Webresource to application composer, more to come 😉

    1. Xavier Dury

      Does @WebResource work with classpath resources too? (“classpath:META-INF/resources” for example)


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s